The cardinality is the number of rows in the relation. If C is different from A by projection, then the number of columns changes, not the number of rows. The cardinality of the number of rows in the relation. Projection only effects arity. The arity is the number of columns in the relation. In projection, either the arity stays the same or is reduced. It can never increase using projection. The arity is the number of columns in the relation. In projection, either the arity stays the same or is reduced. The fact that C is different from A means this is the only true option. The cardinality is the number of rows in the relation. The arity is the number of columns in the relation. If C is different from A, then C must differ in the arity from A. In projection, either the arity stays the same or is reduced. Relation C is a projection of relation A. Which of the following statements must be true in all cases where relation C is different from relation A?

